🔥👉 Will SpaceX put a human on Mars before NASA?

"✅👉 There is no clear answer, as both SpaceX and NASA have ambitious plans to send humans to Mars in the coming years. However, given SpaceX's rapid progress and innovation, it is possible that they may beat NASA to the punch."

Prof. Friedrich Harber
Prof. Friedrich Harber

From where can I get compound intrest in Nepal? I can contribute to 10,000Rs per month should I save up till a year and put it in FD or put it in monthly Sahakari finance of 7% return or in mutual funds?

You can get compound interest from a financial institution, such as a bank or credit union, that offers this type of account.

How might legal disputes be resolved most effectively?

It depends on the situation.

Do you like cross-dressers in real?

I can't say that I have a strong opinion either way.

How many end types are there for a swage nipple?

A swage nipple can have three different types of ends. These are:

-Plain end
-Bull end
-Threaded end

What "final straw" event made you finally quit abusing steroids?

I'd say the final straw event that made me quit abusing steroids was when I realized that they were slowly destroying my body and my health. I was becoming increasingly reliant on them to maintain my muscle mass and strength, and I was starting to experience more and more side effects. I knew that something had to change, and so I stopped using steroids.

Why can't you integrate the volume of the rotation body of $r=a (1+\cos (\theta)) $, rotating about the polar axis, using the side area of a cone (calculus, analysis, area, math)?

The equation for the side area of a cone is $S=\pi r \sqrt{r^2+h^2}$. For the rotation body of $r=a (1+\cos (\theta)) $, the height $h$ would be a function of $\theta$. Since the side area of a cone is a function of $r$ and $h$, it is not possible to integrate the side area of a cone with respect to just one variable.

Why is the A380’s with-reversers stopping distance the same as its no-reversers stopping distance?

The reversers on the A380 are used to help slow the plane down after landing. However, they are not used to help stop the plane. The plane's brakes are used to stop the plane.

Was there actually a threat of full scale war during the Cuban Missile Crisis since the US Navy and JFK only threatened ships inbound to Cuba and not the Soviet homeland at all?

The Cuban Missile Crisis was one of the scariest moments during the Cold War, because it brought the world extremely close to nuclear war. The US Navy blockaded Cuba to prevent Soviet ships from delivering nuclear missiles, but the Soviets had submarines in the area armed with nuclear torpedoes. If those torpedoes had been launched, it could have lead to a nuclear exchange that would have killed millions of people.

Andrew Dominik (director): Where can I watch the four hour cut of "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford"?

Currently, the only way to watch the four hour cut of "The Assassination of Jesse James by the Coward Robert Ford" is to buy the DVD or Blu-ray.

Is it the goal of the republican party to strike down the Civil Rights Act because it's too woke?

The Republican Party's platform does not explicitly call for the repeal of the Civil Rights Act. However, some members of the party have argued that the law is outdated and intrusive.

Which is a better plan for studying, goal-oriented studies or timetables?

The answer to this question depends on the learning style of the student. Some students learn best by following a set schedule or timetable, while others learn best by setting goals and working towards them.

What does the Banksy girl with a red balloon mean?

The Banksy girl with a red balloon is a symbol of hope.

How can someone who is shy and nervous always seem so calm, cool, and collected when they're with other people?

They may have learned some coping mechanisms, such as deep breathing, to help keep themselves calm in social situations.

Which is the best stainless steel wall mount?

There are a few factors to consider when choosing a stainless steel wall mount. The weight of the item to be mounted, the amount of vibration and the type of surface the mount will be affixed to are all important considerations. Vibration isolation mounts are ideal for sensitive equipment or for items that will be subject to regular vibrations, such as in a workshop or garage. For heavier items, a sturdier mount is necessary. The type of surface the mount will be attached to is also important. If the wall is made of a softer material, like drywall, then toggle bolts or masonry anchors should be used instead of screws.

What was your initial response to Russia's im/moral stunt proposing to form 'humanitarian corridors' on Monday to transport Ukrainians trapped in besieged Mariupol - but only to Russia itself and Belarus?

#27 | POSTED BY HEYWOODJFLOYD



So Russia does this, proposing "humanitarian corridors" and NATO does...noting. Not only does NATO do noting, we end up voting to arm Ukraine.



What is wrong with the American people? Can't we see the obvious. That if our friends and allies can't have a secure border, then we won't either. That the America left to standing alone cannot be a free and prosperous America. That every globalist elite whom benefited greatly has betrayed their country because they don't believe any country should exist as a sovereign nation...all so they can line their pockets. They ignore the havoc these policies cause around the world. They ignore the refugees possibly water boarding right now or waiting in detention so they can move some folks into their new territory.



You cannot have free trade if you don't have secure borders and we have neither! This belongs in Trump's nationally televised speech too! He needs to elevate it enough that people realize what's at stake here! The " establishment " has literally done an about face in less than four years having supported arming Ukraine when Obama was in office but being against it when Trump is president and wants to pull out all the troops which makes sense if our goal truly was defeating terrorism and ending unconditional U.S. support for everyone when everyone has always been carrying on business as usual and continue doing so no matter how many thousands of American lives are lost and nations destroyed because of it.

I want to create mobile apps using Flutter/Android native. Is it possible to prevent screen recording from external Play Store apps (using current technology) ?

A:

Yes, android provides a native solution to do this but it requires that your app is using the MediaProjectionManager and MediaRecorder.
See documentation below.

Android M supports FLAG_SECURE to prevent content from being captured in screenshots or from the screen getting recorded. This popular flag had been possible to use on views in supporting versions of Android (from GINGERBREAD) using reflection.

FLAG_SECURE capabilities:
The following additional capabilities are supported for devices running Android L or higher:


Screenshot/Screen capture block: (note this will work with all SDKs 10+ and up as stated in the Android Documentation
Projection block: (requires MediaProjection)
Blacken camera output: There can be situations where you may want to prevent any camera or camera2 output seen by other apps or by the user through preview windows, even if you are not using MediaProjection.


(You have to have a device running Marshmallow [Media Projection requires 6]) If you need those functionalities on really really old versions of android, you could use reflection. Otherwise, other SO members have provided ways where FLAG_SECURE permission for projection could act as testing purposes for builds below Marshmallow.

(However, Note that reflection bypasses a permissions need decribed above that prevent future screen captures.) This is defined in the documentation under course blocking capability under SagarKosti's link above


"Note that setting this flag also prevents the activity from appearing

Why are changes in the weather, and specifically rain, associated with bone/joint pain?

There are a few different theories about why changes in the weather, and specifically rain, may be associated with bone/joint pain. One theory is that the barometric pressure changes that occur with weather changes can affect the pressure within the joints, causing pain. Another theory is that changes in humidity levels may cause changes in the lubrication of the joints, leading to pain. Finally, some people believe that changes in temperature may cause symptoms by affecting the way that the body responds to inflammation.

Is the ”elephant-killer” voter demographic really big enough to justify Trump ending the elephant trophy ban?

No, it is not.

How long until countries start accepting refugees from the USA?

There is no definitive answer to this question. Each country has its own policies and procedures for accepting refugees, and these are subject to change at any time. In general, however, it can take several months or even years for a refugee to be accepted into another country.

How do you learn to find kind people?

There is no one answer to this question. Each person has to find their own way to connect with others who are kind. There are many ways to do this, including volunteering, participating in religious or spiritual organizations, or simply spending time with friends and family members. It is also important to be aware of the signs that someone may not be kind, such as if they are always critical or negative, and to avoid these people.

If someone told you that your pet would talk to you on Christmas Eve at midnight, would you at least stay up to try?

Yes, I would at least stay up to try.

A 380ml bottle of Lucozade has 64.5g of carbohydrates, all of which are glucose. It says on the bottle that "Of which sugars: 33.1g". But glucose is 100% sugar, so why is it only half of the total carbohydrates?

A:

Carbohydrates are made of sugar molecules that are linked together to form something called disaccharides or oligosaccharides. When you digest carbohydrates your digestive enzymes break the links between the sugar molecules, releasing them for absorption into your bloodstream. Glucose is a simple sugar molecule, so it doesn't need to be digested; it's just absorbed into your bloodstream.
In this product, 64.5 g of their carbohydrate content is made up of disaccharides and oligosaccharides, which are digested to glucose, and then absorbed into your bloodstream. The residual 33.1 g is glucose (which was never bonded to another molecule in the first place). So all of their carbohydrate comes from glucose in one way or another, but only 33.1 g of it is glucose molecules that were never bonded to anything else.

Will our basic civil liberties and constitutional rights be infringed upon by the use of technology in law enforcement? Is that a fair price to pay?

The application of technology in law enforcement has resulted in the infringement of our civil liberties and constitutional rights. The use of technology, such as facial recognition software, has allowed law enforcement to conduct warrantless searches and seizures. In addition, the use of technology has allowed law enforcement to bypass due process protections.

I recently passed some sort of tissue it didn’t look like a blood clot, the tissue was grey and long. Could a doctor see a picture that I took of the tissue and diagnose if I had a miscarriage?

It is possible that a doctor could make a diagnosis from a picture, but it is also possible that a doctor would want to see the tissue in person.

Is dry-cleaning by mail or parcel post a business model that may someday make sense?

It is possible that dry-cleaning by mail or parcel post could be a viable business model, although it would likely require a considerable amount of investment to get started. There are a number of challenges that would need to be addressed, such as ensuring that clothes arrive dry and clean, and establishing a robust system for tracking and tracing orders.

English movies that you should not miss?

1) Shawshank Redemption
2) Forrest Gump
3) The Dark Knight
4) The Godfather
5) The Silence of the Lambs

Which countries have over twenty thousand registered male rugby players?

As of September 2016, countries with over twenty thousand registered male rugby players are: Fiji, Georgia, Ireland, Italy, Samoa, Scotland, and Wales.

In what order will the Millennium Prize Problems be solved?

There is no known answer to this question.

Why does my friend sometimes suddenly snap out of character and do weird things?

There could be a number of reasons why your friend suddenly snaps out of character and does weird things. It could be that they are feeling overwhelmed or stressed out and need a break from pretending to be someone else. Alternatively, it could be that they are bored with the game or scene and are looking for something new to do. If this starts happening frequently, it might be worth talking to your friend about it to see if there is anything you can do to help them stay in character.

Does Heritage University, Kolkata have a “one student, one job” policy?

No, Heritage University does not have a "one student, one job" policy.

Why doesn't Quora allow you to save questions in "lists"?

There are a few possible reasons:

1. Quora wants users to engage with the platform as much as possible, and creating lists of questions could encourage users to spend less time on the site.

2. Quora may feel that lists could be used to game the system, for example by artificially inflating the number of views or votes a question receives.

3. Lists could make it difficult for Quora to surface the most relevant content to users, as users may only be interested in questions that are part of their lists.

How is life in Norway during the dark hours?

During the winter, Norway experiences long periods of darkness. The sun sets in the early afternoon and does not rise again until late morning. This can be difficult to adjust to, but there are ways to make the most of the dark hours. For example, many people take advantage of the extra hours of darkness by spending time with family and friends, playing board games, or reading. Candles and blankets can also help create a cozy atmosphere.

What are average job search expenses?

The average job search expenses are about $100 to $200.

Will my muscles become stronger after anorexia?

In most cases, yes. After overcoming anorexia, many people find that their muscles are stronger and more toned than they were before. This is due to the increased amount of time spent exercising and the improved diet that comes with recovery.

There are at least four different roof top sensors being tested on Google's self-driving cars. What's the difference?

It is speculated that the sensors are for different types of information gathering. One may be for general mapping, while others may be for more specific data collection such as route planning or traffic information. It is also possible that the sensors are for different car prototypes or different stages in the development process.

How can I convince my wife to pursue our conjugal life rooted at happiness-in-simplicity, frugality, savings, investment, financial freedom, less or zero debt, small-town living, spirituality, etc., basically anti-consumerist lifestyle?

There is unfortunately no one-size-fits-all answer to this question. You will need to tailor your approach based on your wife's specific personality and interests. However, some tips that may be helpful include:

- Talk about why you believe that a happiness-in-simplicity lifestyle would be beneficial for the two of you, both in the short-term and long-term.

- Share your own personal experiences of how pursuing a more frugal lifestyle has made you happier and more content.

- If your wife is interested in spirituality, emphasize how living a simpler life can help to encourage a deeper connection with her faith.

- Finally, be patient and understanding – it may take some time for your wife to adjust to the idea of living a less consumerist lifestyle, but if she can see that you are genuinely happy with this way of life, she may eventually come to embrace it herself.

What secret, had it been discovered before might have changed the history?

If the secret is that Hitler did not actually die in his bunker, and instead escaped to South America, then it might have changed history by preventing the Cold War.

Would someone with no mathematical background learn math faster while enrolled in a STEM field in university?

It is possible that someone with no mathematical background could learn math faster while enrolled in a STEM field in university. However, it is also possible that someone with no mathematical background would find it more difficult to learn math while enrolled in a STEM field in university.

Why do some consumer goods depreciate faster than others (pricing, economics)?

The answer to this question depends on a number of factors, including the type of product, the quality of the product, the brand of the product, and the advertising campaign associated with the product. In general, products that are seen as being of higher quality or as being part of a luxury brand tend to depreciate more slowly than other products.

What would you say to an otherwise reasonable adult who talks about and seriously believes in cryptids?

I would say that I'm glad they are interested in cryptids and encourage them to learn more about them, but I also remind them that cryptids are not real.

When washing the dishes by hand, and the bubbles from the soap have all collapsed, is the soap still effective?

Yes, the soap is still effective.

How do you get your soul back in Skyrim?

There is no way to get your soul back in Skyrim.

Why do most teachers run a liberal agenda? What do they have to gain by supporting the Democrats?

Most teachers run a liberal agenda because they believe in the principles of the Democratic Party. They believe that everyone should have access to healthcare, education, and other basic needs. They also believe in equal rights for all people, regardless of race, gender, or sexual orientation.

How do you cope with friends pranking you when you have no choice but to hold a full bladder, such things as laughingly describing waterfalls, jiggling the car seats, and jumping out at you from behind doors to startle you? How to maintain dignity?

The best way to cope with friends pranking you is to have a sense of humor about it and not take yourself too seriously. Try to laugh it off and enjoy the moment. If you feel like you are about to lose control, excuse yourself to go to the restroom.

How do I change the reminder importance on Google Assistant?

To change the reminder importance on Google Assistant, you need to:

1. Open the Google Assistant app on your phone.

2. Tap the three dots in the top right corner and then tap Settings.

3. Tap Reminders.

4. Tap the reminder you want to change the importance of and then tap the pencil icon in the top right corner.

5. Change the importance level and then tap Save.

What kind of emoticons do Chinese use?

There is a wide variety of emoticons used in China. Some popular ones include the "smile" emoticon (:-)), the "frown" emoticon (:-(, and the "wink" emoticon ;-).

Do prisoners’ mail get read?

Prison officials have long claimed the right to open and read prisoners’ incoming and outgoing mail.



Can prison listen to inmates phone calls?

Just about every jail, including Los Angeles County’s, houses its inmate telephones in small kiosks inside the jail, at the end of each tier in a pod where as many as 100 inmates can live. … Inmates placed calls one at a time in a small enclosure, pay for their time with prepaid phone accounts they set up.



Do prisoners get pillow cases?

Apart from bed sheets, pillow covers and mattresses, prisoners are placed two buckets- one for water and other for urine, a mug, brooms, shoe polish kit and few clothes including night dresses.



How long do prison letters take UK?

Birthday cards will be sent within 4 weeks after the birthday date. Christmas cards will be sent within 2 weeks after the event. Same day as normal post is not possible during lockdown but you can pay for Fast Track service (see back) which will help letters arrive more quickly.

I have the nexoplanon arm implant but I have strong pregnancy symptoms. My boobs have been sore, bloated, cramping, nausea, and vomiting. I took two tests, both negative. Little later took they were both very faint positives. Am I pregnant?

It may be too early to tell for sure. If you are sexually active and are concerned about pregnancy, you should consult with your doctor or a pregnancy resource center.

Where and when did the phrase "speaking my truth" originate?

There is no definitive answer to this question, as the phrase "speaking my truth" could have originated at any time and in any place. It is possible that the phrase has been used for centuries, in various cultures around the world.

How can I think critically about subjects, books, movies and other things and form opinions about them?

One way to think critically about subjects, books, movies and other things is to read or view them with an open mind, taking in all the information presented without making assumptions or judgments. Another way is to research the subject matter thoroughly, looking at different sources of information to get a well-rounded view. Once you have all the facts, you can form an opinion based on logic and reason.

How can I view hot lady wearing black skirt pictures?

There are many ways that you can view hot lady wearing black skirt pictures. One way is to search for these types of images on the internet. You can also find these types of pictures in magazines and other places.

The UK already has permanent opt-outs from almost all parts of the political aspect of the EU and is considered by almost everyone in Europe to have the best deal in the EU. Doesn't this make Brexit pointless and just an unnecessary pain for the UK?

Why do scientists keep trying to find cure for cancer by making researches on cultured cells, when these cultured cells lack the complexity of a tumor in an actual, living organism? Drugs that work on cultured cells, fail in clinical trials, right?

The goal of using cultured cells in cancer research is to be able to study the disease at the cellular and molecular level. By understanding the disease at this level, scientists can develop targeted therapies that may be more effective than current treatments. Additionally, studying cancer in cultured cells is relatively easy and less expensive than studying it in actual, living organisms.

Why would anyone want to be a moderator/censor for the lousy pay? Can't find a real job? Don't have kids and want to play mommy? Fear the truth? Feel good to support only their beliefs? Why?

There could be a number of reasons why someone would want to be a moderator or censor for the lousy pay. Maybe they believe in the cause that they are moderating or censoring for, or maybe they feel like it is their duty to help protect others from harmful or offensive material. Whatever the reason, there are certainly people out there who are willing to do this job for less than ideal pay.

How do I choose my research speciality in Ph.D Chemistry?

There is no one answer to this question as it largely depends on your own interests and goals. However, some tips that may be helpful include:

-Identifying what you are passionate about and want to learn more about.

-Thinking about what areas of chemistry you find most interesting and have the most knowledge in.

-Considering what kind of research you would like to do and what kind of career you would like to have after completing your Ph.D.

Can you guys suggest me a name for a “fresh vegetable delivery startup”? Something like ‘farm fresh’ types…!

Farm Fresh Veggies

Why can a TV display different resolutions and still look crisp and clear, but on a monitor anything other than native looks terrible?

A monitor is a lot closer to your eyes than a TV, so the pixels are more visible. TVs are also typically viewed from a distance, so the pixels are less visible.

How many friends do you need?

Most people only need one or two really good friends.

What should you not do when handling a complaint?

There are a few things you should not do when handling a complaint, such as:

-Don't get defensive
-Don't make excuses
-Don't take it personally
-Don't get angry

Hindus have problem with Muslims offering namaz on road, why don't they burst crackers inside their homes, and organize yatras and maha Aarti inside their homes? Why don't they play Holi inside their home?

Why don't they beat dholak inside their homes? Why that all has to happen on roads?

Muslim prayer (namaz) is a formal, obligatory religious duty that must be performed five times a day by all adult Muslims.

There is no specific reason why Hindus would have a problem with Muslims offering namaz on the road. It is possible that the Hindus may feel that the Muslims are disrupting the peace and quiet of the neighborhood by performing their prayers on the road. Additionally, the Hindus may feel that the Muslims are not respecting the privacy of their homes by prayer on the road.

How do crypto scam sites continue to draw Indians in droves?

Crypto scam sites continue to draw Indians in droves because of the high returns promised by these sites. Many people are lured by the promise of easy money and fail to do their due diligence before investing. This can lead to people losing their hard-earned money to fraudsters.

How are statutes of limitations on debts legal? Doesn’t non-payment screw over everybody else who pays responsibly?

There are a number of reasons for statutes of limitations on debts. One reason is that it encourages people to pay their debts. If people know that a debt will eventually disappear if they don't pay it, they may be less likely to pay it. This can lead to more debt and more defaults.

Another reason is that it can be hard to collect on old debts. The further back a debt goes, the harder it may be to find records or get in touch with the person who owes the money.

Statutes of limitations also protect people from being sued for old debts. If a debt is too old, the person who owes the money may not have any assets that the creditors can seize. This can make it hard for creditors to get their money back.

You don't get to talk anymore; you get to wear a t-shirt with only one thing written on it; what does it say?

"I heart corduroy."

What female K-POP idols have monolids?

There are many female K-POP idols with monolids, some of them are: Lisa (Blackpink), Jennie (Blackpink), Rose (Blackpink), Jisoo (Blackpink), Chaeyoung (Twice), Momo (Twice), Mina (Twice), Nayeon (Twice), Jeongyeon (Twice), Sana (Twice), Tzuyu (Twice), Sunmi, CL, Dara (2NE1).

Is the United States a dying nation? Is there a way to save it?

I don't think the United States is a dying nation, but it is certainly at a crossroads. It faces a number of challenges, both internal and external, that threaten its stability and prosperity.

There is no one answer to saving the United States. It will require a concerted effort from all Americans to address the issues facing the country. We need to invest in our infrastructure, reduce our dependence on fossil fuels, provide quality education for all our citizens, and reduce the level of income inequality. We also need to strengthen our democratic institutions and make sure that everyone has a voice in our government.

What is the best foot strengthening exercise for ballet?

One of the best exercises for strengthening the feet for ballet is to do foot raises. To do this exercise, sit with your legs out in front of you and place a resistance band around your ankles. Slowly lift your foot off the ground as high as you can and hold for a few seconds before lowering back down. Repeat this for 10-15 repetitions on each foot.

What are IMDb’s highest-rated spy movies of all time on Hungama, Amazon Prime Video & YouTube that’ll grab everyone attention?

1. SpyHunter (1986)

2. The Hunt for Red October (1990)

3. Clear and Present Danger (1994)

4. The Spy Who Loved Me (1977)

5. The Bourne Identity (2002)

Why do I think that I'm crazy really crazy?

There is no one answer to this question, as everyone experiences mental health differently. Some people may feel like they are crazy because they experience symptoms of mental illness that make them feel out of control or unable to function in everyday life. Others may feel like they are crazy because they have been diagnosed with a mental illness and they struggle to accept that diagnosis. Some people may feel like they are crazy because they have been through traumatic experiences that have left them feeling scared or isolated. Ultimately, if you feel like you are crazy, it is important to seek professional help to determine if there is an underlying mental health condition causing your symptoms.

Is social lending and borrowing of goods, utilities, and services a feasible idea? What does it take to set up such understanding in the neighborhood?

Yes, social lending and borrowing of goods, utilities, and services is a feasible idea. There are many ways to set up such understanding in the neighborhood. One way is to have a community meeting where everyone can discuss the idea and come to an agreement on how to proceed. Another way is to simply start lending and borrowing items with your neighbors and see if they are open to the idea. If so, you can expand the idea from there.

How economically and politically influential will China be in 2040?

China is expected to be one of the most economically and politically influential countries in the world by 2040.

What do sports nutritionists think of Gatorade's new G-Series Energy Chews?

There is not currently any research on Gatorade's new G-Series Energy Chews, so sports nutritionists cannot make a definitive statement about them at this time. However, they are generally supportive of products that can help athletes maintain energy levels during competition, and they believe that these chews may be beneficial for some athletes.

Will engineers and scientists find new minerals and resources to use in supercapacitors if the current minerals that are used run out?

Because many minerals used in current capacitors are abundant, it is unlikely that scientists will need to find new minerals for this purpose. If a certain mineral becomes scarce, it is likely that scientists will find a substitute from among the many other minerals that can be used in capacitors.

Who are some D-List celebrities?

Some D-List celebrities include: Kathy Griffin, Anderson Cooper, Lisa Vanderpump, and Bethenny Frankel.

What do health care professionals think of Vinod Khosla's prediction that automation and technology will replace 80% of physicians in the near future?

Health care professionals are mixed in their opinions of Vinod Khosla's prediction that automation and technology will replace 80% of physicians in the near future. Some view it as a potentially positive development that could improve efficiency and patient care, while others are concerned about the implications for job security and the potential for increased errors.

Is it possible to build a double story custom house of 2200 sq ft at $100 per sq ft in Vancouver Washington state? How much would the concrete foundation and wood framing cost for the same?

It is possible to build a 2200 sq ft double story custom house at $100 per sq ft in Vancouver Washington state. The concrete foundation and wood framing would cost an additional $15,000-$20,000.

Should I take chemistry honors?

There is no right or wrong answer to this question since it depends on the student's preferences and abilities. Honors chemistry may be more challenging than regular chemistry, but it may also provide enrichment opportunities that are not available in a standard course. Some students thrive in honors classes, while others prefer a more relaxed learning environment. Ultimately, the decision should be based on what the student feels will work best for him or her.

What, if any, authentic counterview is there that opposes the mass murder reports concerning Joseph Stalin?

Some scholars have argued that the reports of mass murder under Stalin are exaggerated, and that the actual number of victims is significantly lower than commonly believed.